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Chichen Itza

Since its founding in 525 A.D. two years of the Mayan calendar will mark the end of a cycle, Chichen Itza remains one of the largest astronomical scenarios, cultural and historical significance, not only for Mexico, but for everyone.

Considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988, the majestic pyramid of Chichen Itza was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the modern world in 2007 with more than 7 million voters around the hemisphere.

And the Temple of Kukulcan is the icon of the ancient Mayan civilization, reflecting their knowledge of mathematics, geometry, astronomy and acoustics. Exactly built a pyramid with four staircases of 91 steps each comprising a total of 364 and adding the upper platform gives a total of 365, representing each day of the year.

For its precise orientation and construction, it is also an incredible scene of natural light and shade that lowers the feathered serpent during the spring equinox (March 21) and autumn (September 22). Sunlight is projected to one side of the steps, causes seven isosceles triangles are formed by setting the undulating body of a snake than 34 meters long, which descends to join with a large stone head at the foot snake of the ladder.

In addition, Chichen Itza has an interesting sound effect, because if a person claps frontally to the stairs, the sound of applause spread to the rest of the steps and bounces in the form of an echo, causing a similar sound to the song of the quetzal , representative of the region bird.

Close by, it is called "Sacred Cenote" where some human sacrifices were made in honor of Chac Mool, the rain god. The Observatory and the Ball are structures that account for the way of life of the ancient Maya.

Located three hours from Cancun and two of Merida, this archaeological site is a living witness of the Mayan civilization in his years of splendor, it was the most important political, economic and religious center of the Yucatan Peninsula.